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On Friday, January 30, 2015, I participated in ALSC’s Day of Diversity: Dialogue and Action in Children’s Literature and Programming (in collaboration with CBC Diversity). The goal was to “bring together leaders in children’s literature and literacy to discuss strategies for ensuring that all children have access to diverse literature and library programming.” It was an honor to be included among the 70 or so folks who have been working toward equity in children’s literature for years, and in many cases, decades. Also included during the day were 30 librarians who had applied to participate. Some of us were invited to present, some to moderate, some to facilitate, and some to attend. I was invited to facilitate one of the first breakout sessions – our task was to strategize on how to increase diversity in print and digital materials. My co-facilitators were Lesléa Newman, author of Heather Has Two Mommies (which is celebrating its 25th anniversary this March), and Wade Hudson, author, president and CEO of Just Us Books (the only publisher publishing Black-interest children’s books). I’m thankful to have been among so many smart and talented and hard working people.
Several friends have eloquently summarized and reflected on the event (Zetta Elliott, Debbie Reese, and Edi Campbell), so this is going to be more of a brief reflection than a summary. I think the general consensus was that it was wonderful to finally all be in the same room together, it was a great start, and we want to see how things will go from here. It was pretty evident that the first half of the day – what some of us called Square 1 or Diversity 101 – was more for the benefit of those who haven’t already been talking about these problems. The breakout sessions were opportunities to really start talking, but even then sometimes they turned into opportunities for self-promotion rather than strategizing for action. Cutting people off is hard. Still, I think we got some solid ideas at the breakout sessions, so I’m hopeful that we’ll be putting them into practice and effecting real change. Here are some of the ideas from my break-out session, in the order they were discussed:
- book fairs at non-library and non-bookstore spaces (such as community centers, churches, sororities, etc)
- send authors and illustrators into those unconventional spaces
- target advertisements to specific communities (do research on where specific communities tend to get their news, whether TV, radio, internet, etc)
- publishers should provide more resources on how to use particular books in the classroom and library
- look for, speak up about, and debunk myths in the media
- partner with Young Readers Center in Library of Congress
- bookstores and libraries can organize out-of-the-box events, such as cooking classes and summer camps (check out La Casa Azul Bookstore)
- empower local communities to partner more closely with libraries
- push for books that move beyond what Rudine Sims Bishop would label as a “social conscience book” and more toward books that depict the multidimensional aspects of experiences
- change curriculum in K-12 and higher ed (teacher education, LIS education, etc)
- Common Core reform
- build community esteem
- speak up about white-centered book covers
I found the lightning talks to be quite moving, particularly when Namrata Tripathi talked about the assumptions people make about her name and background (I LOVED how she ended her talk – “Instead of saying goodbye, I’m saying hello, my name is Namrata Tripathi, and I’m very pleased to meet you.”) When author Ellen Oh started talking about her Korean American family and history, I nearly died. I tweeted:
But the one thing that many of us talked about during and after was the absence of particular conversations. We didn’t really talk about power or oppression or dominance or privilege in explicit terms. There was a politeness that was encouraged and for the most part, observed. As the saying goes, “Well behaved women seldom make history” (Ulrich). I’m not saying we should have been rude and out of place, but, invoking another saying, “Power concedes nothing without a demand. It never did and never will” (Douglass). Because the conference program was so carefully crafted, there wasn’t really an opportunity to demand that we talk about power and oppression and dominance and privilege. Sure, there were moments – Violet Harris pointed out that we’ve been having this conversation not for just a year or a few years but for decades; Pat Mora pointed out that the system needs to change; Camila Alire pointed out that the publishing numbers are getting worse… But it wasn’t until the very end, when Satia Orange exhorted us to DO SOMETHING because #BlackLivesMatter. I’m paraphrasing here, but she basically said that the system is not interested in letting diverse voices speak. They want to shut us down because they’re afraid of how things will go down when we’re numerically the majority in 2050. They want to keep us illiterate, voiceless, and powerless, and keeping our stories out of circulation is one way to do that.
You could hear a pin drop.
I wish we had started and ended with something like what Satia said. It was powerful and would have provided the right energy. That said, it was a terrific way to end the conference, and I, for one, walked away feeling even more affirmed that our work matters. Only time will tell what kinds of changes we’ll see in the future.
I tweeted most of these photos, but I’m posting them again anyway! Here we are, just before getting started…
The same cover, below, was used in Dr. Jamie Campbell Naidoo‘s white paper, The Importance of Diversity in Library Programs and Material Collections for Children (ALSC, 2014).
Notice the negatives… the number of diverse children’s books by and about particular populations has actually gone DOWN. Never mind that the CCBC does not evaluate the quality of these books. As Debbie Reese has often pointed out, it’s not enough to have 64 books about American Indians if many of them are horrible books.
Author/illustrator Gene Luen Yang talked about how these (and many other) graphic novels bust certain myths about non-white people as heroes. Side note: I read The Color of Earth/Water/Heaven trilogy right after giving birth to my daughter, and it was amazing.
The Diversity Gap infographic created by Lee & Low (part of the “Why Hasn’t the Number of Multicultural Books Increased in 19 Years” blog post from 2013) that so clearly lays out the fact that the number of diverse books has not changed in the past 20 years. Absolutely unacceptable.
Loved this – a cheat sheet on how to promote diverse books without making your sell about the characters’ race. For example, instead of “This is a book about a Native kid living on a reservation,” say “Can’t get enough of the Beatles? Neither can the author or the kid at the heart of this story. Friendship and rock n’ roll” for Eric Gansworth’s awesome novel, If I Ever Get Out of Here.
Pat Mora (founder of El día de los niños/El día de los libros – Children’s Day/Book Day) finally just laid it out – we need a diverse publishing system at all levels. It’s not enough to have diverse books written by diverse authors – they need to be edited by diverse editors (hurray to Namrata Tripathi for embracing her role!), marketed and promoted by diverse marketing and promoting departments (Remember the time I received a letter from an editor promoting a novel as “foreign” and “exotic”? Yeah, I’d like to forget that happened…), reviewed by diverse reviewers, awarded by diverse award committees, etc. The system has to change at every level.
After the conference, we enjoyed a reception at the Harold Washington Library, where Lesléa convinced us all to try a Twix bar that wasn’t a Twix bar and tasted a million times better than a Twix bar.
Sandwiched between Debbie Reese and Cynthia Leitich Smith (who is, I believe, one of the most animated and hilarious people I’ve ever met!!) at the We Need Diverse Books dinner. What else is there to say? It was an epic way to end the day.
It’s not a trip to Chicago unless you take your favorite friends to your favorite french toast restaurant. Closed out the weekend with author Zetta Elliott and author/illustrator Maya Christina Gonzalez – two crazy awesome award winning women whose books and other writings we should all read. For example, I always assign Zetta’s “Something like an open letter to the children’s publishing industry” alongside Laura Atkins’ “White Privilege and Children’s Publishing: A Web 2.0 Case Study.”
This is not The End. This is also not The Beginning. It’s a point along the continuum – it’s quite possibly a tipping point that, and as the We Need Diverse Books campaign has pointed out, “Now is the time to raise our voices into a roar that can’t be ignored.”
The industry – indeed, the world – can’t ignore the fact that the number of multicultural books has not increased in the past 20 years. It can’t ignore the fact that our society continues to diversify. It can’t ignore that publishing does not. It can’t ignore the fact that there are very talented authors and illustrators who make wonderful and amazing children’s books. It can’t ignore the fact that a lack of diverse books hurts ALL children. It can’t ignore the fact that we need to have these conversations, that we need to address these issues and talk them out and DO SOMETHING to CHANGE the system. And we can’t do it alone. Debbie Reese pointed out that she can’t fight racism re: Native Americans in children’s literature alone. None of us can do the work alone. We all have a stake, and we should all work to dismantle racism and promote equity in children’s literature.
Many of us – including those not mentioned here – are already at work, and now, more than ever, we need to STEP IT UP. Won’t you join us?
— Update 2015 February 3 —
Check out the following resources on ACTIONS we can take to increase diversity in children’s books and get diverse books into the hands of all readers:
I created this resource list for my ALSC Día webinar participants. Happy reading ^^
- ALAN Review
- Bulletin for the Center for Children’s Books
- English Journal
- The Horn Book Magazine
- Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy
- Journal of Youth Services in Libraries
- Lion & the Unicorn
- Young Adult Library Services
- Kirkus Reviews
- School Library Journal
- Voices from the Middle
- Children’s Literature in Education
- Something about the Author
- Children’s Literature Association Quarterly
- Multicultural Review
Short List of Recommended Readings
- Aronson, Marc. Consider the Source: Selective Memory. In School Library Journal. March 1, 2008.
- Aronson, Marc. “Selective Memory: Biographies for Young Readers Aren’t Telling the Whole Story.” School Library Journal 54.3, 2008.
- Atkins, Laurie. “What’s the Story? : Reflections on White Privilege in the Publication of Children’s Books.” Paper presented at the International Research Society for Children’s Literature in Frankfurt, 2009. http://sites.google.com/site/tockla/
- Cart, Michael and Christine A. Jenkins. The Heart Has Its Reasons: Young Adult Literature with Gay/ Lesbian/ Queer Content, 1969-2004
- Crisp, Thomas. “The Trouble with Rainbow Boys.” Children’s Literature in Education 39.4, 2008.
- Davis, Rocio G. “Asian American Autobiography for Children: Critical Paradigms and Creative Practice.” The Lion and the Unicorn 30, no. 2 (2006 April): 185-201.
- de Manuel, Dolores and Rocío G. Davis. “Editor’s Introduction: Critical Perspectives on Asian American Children’s Literature.” The Lion and the Unicorn 30, no. 2 (2006 April): v-xv.
- Elliott, Zetta. “Something Like an Open Letter to the Children’s Publishing Industry.” Fledgling: The Sky’s the Limit (blog), Sep.5, 2009. http://zettaelliott.wordpress.com/2009/09/05/something-like-an-open-letter-to-the-children%E2%80%99s-publishing-industry/
- Gangi, Jane M. “Inclusive Aesthetics and Social Justice: The Vanguard of Small, Multicultural Presses.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 30, no. 3 (2005 Fall): 243-264.
- Grimes, Nikki. Speaking Out. In The Horn Book Magazine.
- Hade, Daniel. “Reading Children’s Literature Multiculturally.” In Reflections of Change: Children’s Literature since 1945, edited by Sandra L. Beckett, 115-122. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1997.
- Hearne, Betsy. 1993 July. Cite the Source: Reducing Cultural Chaos in Picture Books, part one. In School Library Journal 39, (7): 22-7. (StKate online)
- Hearne, Betsy. 1993 Aug. Respect the source: Reducing Cultural Chaos in Picture Books, part two. In School Library Journal 39, (8): 33-7. (StKate online)
- Hearne, Betsy. “Swapping Tales and Stealing Stories: The Ethics and Aesthetics of Folklore in Children’s Literature.” Library Trends 47.3, 1999.
- Henderson, Darwin L. and Jill P. May. Exploring Culturally Diverse Literature for Children and Adolescents: Learning to Listen in New Ways
- Howe, Neil and William Strauss. Millenials Rising: The Next Great Generation
- Krishnaswami, Uma. “On the Seashore of Worlds: Selected South Asian Voices from North America and the United Kingdom.” Bookbird 42, no. 2 (April, 2004): 23.
- Larrick, Nancy. “The All-White World of Children’s Books.” Saturday Review, Sep. 11, 1965.
- Leslea, Newman. Heather and Her Critics. In The Horn Book Magazine.
- Levine, Arthur A. It Takes a Multilingual Village. The Horn Book Magazine,Sept/Oct 2006. 519.
- Lunning, Frenchy (editor). Mechademia, Vol. 1: Emerging Wolrds of Anime and Manga
- Matthew, Nicole and Susan Clow. “Putting Disabled Children in the Picture: Promoting Inclusive Children’s Books and Media.” International Journal of Early Childhood 39.2, 2007.
- MacLeod, Anne Scott. 1998 Jan/Feb. Writing Backward: Modern Models in Historical Fiction. In The Horn Book Magazine 74, (1): 26-33.
- McIntosh, Peggy. “White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack.” From White Privilege and Male Privilege: A Personal Account of Coming to See Correspondences Through Work on Women’s Studies, 1988.
- Moore, Adaeze Enekwechi and Opal. “Children’s Literature and the Politics of Hair in Books for African American Children.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly (2000): 195-200.
- Naidoo, Jamie Campbell. “Forgotten Faces: Examining the Representations of Latino Subcultures in Americas and Pura Belpre Picturebooks.” New Review of Children’s Literature and Librarianship 13, no. 2 (2007): 117-138.
- Nodelman, Perry. “The Other: Orientalism, Colonialism, and Children’s Literature.” Childre’s Literature Association Quarterly 17.1, 1992.
- Perkins, Mitali. “Straight Talk on Race: Challenging the Stereotypes in Kids’ Books.” School Library Journal 55.4, April 2009.
- Reynolds, Nancy Thalia. Mixed Heritage in Young Adult Literature
- Ross, Catherine Sheldrick, Lynne (E.F.) McKenchnie, and Paulette M. Rothbauer. Reading Matters: What the Research Reveals about Reading, Libraries, and Community
- Schwartz, Albert V. “the Five Chinese Brothers: Time to Retire.” Interracial Books for Children Bulletin 8, no. 3 (1977): 3-7.
- Sims Bishop, Rudine, ed. Kaleidoscope: A Multicultural Booklist for Grades K-8. Urbana: National Council of Teachers of English, 1994.
- Smith, Cynthia L. “Segregation and Shelf Space.” http://www.cynthialeitichsmith.com/lit_resources/diversity/multicultural/segregation.html
- Stephens, John. “Advocating Multiculturalism: Migrants in Australian Children’s Literature After 1972.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 15, no. 4 (1990 Winter): 180-185.
- Taxel, Joel. “Multicultural Literature and the Politics of Reaction.” Teachers College Record 98, (1997): 417-448.
- Taxel, Joel. “Children’s Literature as an Ideological Text: Chapter 11.” In Critical Pedagogy, the State, and Cultural Struggle, edited by Henry A. Giroux and Peter L. McLaren, 205: State University of New York Press, 1989.
- Whelan, Debra Lau. “Little Secret: Self-Censorship is Rampant and Lethal.” School Library Journal 55.2, 2009.
- Wong, Shawn. “What Exactly is Multiculturalism?” Emergency Librarian 20, no. 5 (May/Jun 1993).
- Yamazaki, Akiko. “Why Change Names? On the Translation of Children’s Books.” Children’s Literature in Education 33.1, 2002.
- Yokota, Junko. Feb 2009. Asian Americans in Literature for Children and Young Adults. In Teacher Librarian 36 (3).
Short List of Websites
Young Adult Library Services Association
American Library Association Booklist Editors Choice
International Reading Association Young Adult Choices
New York Public Library Teenlink
Reading Rants! Out of the Ordinary Teen Booklists!
Kay Vandergrift’s YA Literature Page
American Indians in Children’s Literature
Cynthia Leitich Smith
- LM_NET (School Library Media Specialists)
- PUBYAC (Public Librarians Serving Young Adults and Children)
- CHILD_LIT (Children’s Literature)
- CCBC-Net (based on the Cooperative Children’s Book Center at U Wisconsin-Madison)
- GNLIB (Graphic Novels in Libraries)
Calendar of Events
- January National Book Blitz Month
- February Library Lovers Month
- February African American History Month
- March National Women’s History Month
- March 2nd National Education Association (NEA) Read Across America (Dr. Seuss’ birthday)
- March (first Thursday) World Book Day (U.K. and Ireland)
- April 2 International Children’s Book Day
- April National Poetry Month
- April (second week) National Library Week
- April (second Tuesday) National Library Workers Day
- April (third week) National Volunteer Week
- April 15th taxes due
- May Asian Pacific American Heritage Month
- May Get Caught Reading Month
- May (first week) Teachers Appreciation Week
- May (second week) Reading Is Fun Week/Children’s Book Week
- May (second Tuesday) National Library Legislative Day
- June Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Pride Month
- June Diary Month
- September National Hispanic Heritage Month
- September Be Kind To Editors And Writers Month
- September 8th International Literacy Day
- September (last week) Banned Books Week
- October International School Library Month
- October National Book Month
- October National Reading Group Month
- October (first week) last week to register to vote
- October (first week) National Newspaper Week
- October (third week) Teens Read Week
- October (third week) National Freedom of Speech Week
- November National Novel Writing Month
- November National American Indian Heritage Month
- November (second week) National Young Readers Week
- November (second Saturday), National Gaming Day
- December Learn A Foreign Language Month
- December Read A New Book Month
Jane Addams Children’s Book Awards announced in April and presented in October
Publishers, ALA Associations, Caucus, and Related Organizations etc.
Asian Pacific American Librarians Association
American Indian Library Association
The Black Caucus of the ALA
Lambda Literary Foundation
Lee & Low
Children’s Book Press
Cinco Puntos Press
ALA Family Literacy Focus APALA & AILA Talk Story Together
HOPI Cultural Preservation Homepage
Part I and Part II
Recommended Children’s Books
(in the order they appear during the webinar )
- A Gift from Papa Diego by Benjamin Alire Sáenz
- The Surrender Tree by Margarita Engle
- The Circuit by Francisco Jimenez
- Esperanza Rising by Pam Munoz Ryan
- The Storyteller’s Candle by Luciz Gonzalez
- Shi-Shi-Etko by Nicola I. Campbell
- Jingle Dancer by Cynthia Leitich Smith
- My Name is Seepeetza by Shirley Sterling
- The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian by Sherman Alexie
- The Birchbark House by Louise Erdrich
- A Place to Grow by Soyung Pak
- Dear Juno by Soyung Pak
- A Place Where Sunflowers Grow by Amy Lee-Tai
- The Name Jar by Yangsook Choi
- Dia’s Story Cloth by Dia Cha
- Alvin Ho: Allergic to School, Girls, and Other Scary Things by Lenore Look
- Cooper’s Lesson by Sun Yung Shin
- Uptown by Bryan Collier
- Testing the Ice: A True Story about Jackie Robinson by Sharon Robinson
- Claudette Colvin: Twice Towards Justice by Phillip Hoose
- The Watsons Go to Birmingham by Christopher Paul Curtis